Menopause is the period when a woman’s menstrual cycles stop completely, and this is usually diagnosed after 12 months of recurrent missed periods. The hormones that control menstruation, oestrogen and progesterone, are produced less by the ovaries as you get closer to your late 30s, which also causes a drop in fertility. In your 40s, your monthly cycles may become heavier, shorter, or more frequent. Your ovaries eventually stop producing eggs, typically at age 51, and you stop having periods.
Menopause can occur in your 40s or 50s. It is a normal biological process. However, the symptoms may interfere with your sleep, reduce your energy, or negatively impact your emotional health. Each woman will experience menopause differently, but there are some associated symptoms that are often experienced by most women during their menopause phase.
These symptoms include:
Vaginal dryness and discomfort,
Hot flashes (causing a person to feel a sudden heat sensation in the upper body),
Sleep disturbances arising from anxiety, night sweats or frequent urination,
Emotional changes characterised by depression, tiredness, irritability, anxiety
Difficulty with concentration and memory
Physical body changes such as weight gain, changes in hair colour, texture and volume