Updated: Dec 14, 2021

  • Most people with hypertension do not know they have it.

  • One in four men have hypertension.

  • One in five women have hypertension.

Arteries carry blood from your heart to other parts of your body, and blood pressure refers to the force of blood pushing against them. Normal blood pressure rises and falls through the day, but if it remains high for long periods of time, it can lead to heart problems and other health issues. Hypertension, also called high blood pressure, is blood pressure that is higher than normal. As a result, severe health complications can develop, such as heart disease, strokes, and sometimes even death.

Some of the predisposing factors to hypertension includes:

  • Age: Hypertension is more common in people who are more than 65 years of age. Blood pressure can increase steadily with age as the arteries stiffen and narrow due to plaque build-up.

  • Ethnicity: Some ethnic groups are more prone to hypertension than others. African & African Americans have a higher than other ethnic groups, for example.

  • Weight: Having obesity is a primary risk factor for hypertension.

  • Alcohol and tobacco use: Regularly consuming large quantities of alcohol or tobacco can increase blood pressure.

  • Sex: According to a 2018 review Trusted Source, males have a higher risk of developing hypertension than females. However, this is only until after females reach menopause.

  • Existing health conditions: Cardiovascular-disease, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, and high cholesterol levels can lead to hypertension, especially as people age.

High blood pressure requires adequate management in order to improve the general health outcomes. Lifestyle adjustments are regarded as the first line for the management of hypertension. It entails:

  • Regular physical exercises such as walking, jogging etc.,

  • Diet; reduction of salt intake, alcohol consumption; eating more of fruits and vegetables and less fat,