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Micronutrient supplementation in HIV-positive patients in Nigeria

Nigeria has the second largest HIV epidemic in the world.1 Nigeria is a long way off meeting the global target of enrolling 90% of people diagnosed with HIV on antiretroviral treatment (ART). Just 33% of all people living with HIV were receiving treatment in 2017. The relevance of this statistic is that there is still a wide gap in the understanding of the dangers of HIV. Also, there is a lack of understanding in the steps to delay its progression to AIDS.

HIV attacks a particular sort of resistant framework cell within the body. It’s known as the CD4 helper cell or T cell. When HIV annihilates this cell, it gets to be harder for the body to battle off other diseases. When HIV is left untreated, a minor infection such as a cold, can be much more extreme.


Nutrition is a valuable tool for individuals with HIV

Whether you have been tested, appear to have signs of illness or are in a challenging state of HIV, knowing what to eat can assist your body to provide a more supportive immune system. Micronutrient deficiencies, which have been monitored with progressive HIV illness, have been related to higher levels of HIV mortality. Losing body weight when consuming more food is moreover an indicator of HIV and related morbidity and mortality.


Vitamins and minerals regulate your body's processes. People who are HIV-positive need extra vitamins and minerals to help repair and heal damaged cells. Eat food high in these vitamins and minerals, which can help boost your immune system:

  • Vitamin A and beta-carotene: dark green, yellow, orange, or red vegetables and fruit; liver; whole eggs; milk

  • B vitamins: meat, fish, chicken, grains, nuts, white beans, avocados, broccoli, and green leafy vegetables

  • Vitami