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Nutritional Requirement for Women: WellWoman

Updated: Sep 28, 2021

Micronutrients, often referred to as vitamins and minerals, are vital to healthy development, disease prevention and wellbeing. With the exception of vitamin D, micronutrients are not produced in the body and must be derived from the diet. Micronutrient deficiencies can have devastating consequences.


A healthy, balanced diet is the foundation of leading a healthy lifestyle for women. Women have different nutritional requirement mainly because of the hormones they produce. Some of the most important vitamins and minerals for women include:

  • Iron is an essential mineral that helps carry oxygen around the body, supports immune function, and plays an essential role in rapid growth and development.

  • Calcium is an important mineral that plays a critical role in building and maintaining healthy bones. During menopause and as women age, their bone density is affected, which makes calcium intake more important than ever.

  • Vitamin B12 is a nutrient with several important functions - including helping the body convert food into fuel and supporting the normal functioning of the nervous system.

  • Folate is a B vitamin that is crucial before and during pregnancy. During early development, it helps in forming the neural tube and during pregnancy, it helps to reduce the risk of major birth defects.

  • Vitamin D helps in the absorption of calcium and therefore helps keep our bones, teeth, and muscles healthy. It’s also known to help support a healthy immune system.