It is estimated that 1.13 million individuals aged ≥40 years are currently blind in Nigeria. The Northwest geopolitical zone harbours the largest number of adults with blindness in Nigeria being the zone with the largest population.

The eye is a complex sensory organ responsible for vision. Eye problems can be easily prevented if you practice essential eye care habits every day. It is surprising that they tend to be neglected despite being practical and easy to accomplish. The following things should be part of your daily routine to maintain your eye health and vision.

  • STOP rubbing your eyes: When you touch or rub your peepers, you can easily transfer dirt, dust and bacteria from your hands to your eyes. Avoid rubbing your hands in your eyes to prevent infection or irritation. Try to break the habit as soon as possible if it is so ingrained in you.

  • Wash your hands frequently: Keep bacteria at bay by washing your hands regularly and don't let them come into contact with your eyes, glasses, or contact lenses.

  • Drink a lot: Adequate fluid intake is essential for the overall health of your body, including your eyes. If you're well-hydrated, you'll avoid dry and irritated eyes.

  • Eat healthy: Beta-carotene, lutein, omega-3, lycopene, and vitamins C, A and E are essential for maintaining your eye health. Make sure your diet is filled with different nutrient-rich foods.

  • Sleep well: Just like the rest of your body, your eyes need to be recharged, and that happens while you sleep. Make sure to get enough sleep each day to keep your eyes revitalized and healthy.

  • Wear sunglasses: Exposure to sunlight and UV rays increases the risk of age-related macular degeneration and can cause sunburn or keratitis on the cornea. So, in addition to making a fashion statement and adding an extra touch to your overall look, wear these sunglasses to protect your eyes. If wearing them isn't for you, contact lenses or UV-blocking glasses will help. Also wear cap, visor and hat.